To teach percentage in middle school, you can start by introducing the concept of a fraction. Explain that a fraction is a part of a whole, and that it can be written in several ways, such as 1/2, 1:2, or "one half."

Next, introduce the concept of a percentage. Explain that a percentage is a special type of fraction where the denominator is always 100. This means that a percentage represents a part of a whole that has been divided into 100 equal parts.

To help students visualize percentages, you can use a variety of hands-on activities. For example, you could give students a grid of 100 squares and ask them to shade in a certain percentage of the squares. Or, you could give students a bag of 100 marbles and ask them to sort the marbles into different colors, with each color representing a different percentage.

Once students have a basic understanding of percentages, you can start to teach them more complex concepts, such as finding the percent of a quantity, finding the whole given a percent and a part, and finding the part given a percent and the whole.

Here are some specific tips for teaching percentage in middle school:

Use real-world examples. Percentages are used in many different areas of life, such as shopping, taxes, and sports. When teaching percentages, try to use real-world examples that students can relate to. For example, you could ask students to calculate the sales tax on a purchase or the tip they should leave at a restaurant.

Use visuals. Visuals can help students to understand complex concepts. When teaching percentages, try to use visuals such as diagrams, graphs, and charts. For example, you could use a pie chart to show students the different percentages of their budget that they spend on different things.

Provide hands-on activities. Hands-on activities are a great way for students to learn and practice new concepts. When teaching percentages, try to provide students with opportunities to do hands-on activities, such as the grid activity or the marble activity described above.

Make it fun. Learning should be fun! When teaching percentages, try to make the learning process as fun and engaging as possible. For example, you could play games or have competitions that involve percentages.

Here are some examples of percentage word problems that you can use to teach middle school students:

If a shirt is on sale for 20% off, and the original price of the shirt was $20, how much is the discount?

If a student gets 80% of the questions correct on a test, and there were 100 questions on the test, how many questions did the student get correct?

A recipe calls for 1 cup of flour. If you are making half a batch of the recipe, how much flour do you need?

By following these tips, you can help your middle school students to learn and understand percentages.

More reading:

Percentages in Daily Life

Decimals and Percentages

Percentage Calculator